Sunday, May 24, 2020

Police Subculture Essay - 1099 Words

Police Subculture Police subculture is often a culture that is only known to police officers. It is an unwritten and an undocumented set of values and themes that all staff are aware of and can speak to (Jones, 2005). Because the subculture is so prevalent, and what the consequences entail if you defer from it, officers often do not make the proper moral or ethical decisions that should be made (Jones, 2005). The movie â€Å"Training Day† although it is dramatized it shines light on the reality of what happens behind the blue line. The Code of Silence There are many codes within the policing profession, one is the â€Å"code of silence†, also referred to as the â€Å"blue curtain of secrecy† (Jones, 2005). It is referred to this because of the blue†¦show more content†¦Policing agencies are not immune to this, if anything they are more susceptible to having their own informal code, given the situations they deal with day to day (Pollock, 2015). Reuss-Ianni (1993) describe aspects of the â€Å"cop code† as, â€Å"don’t give up another cop†, â€Å"don’t trust the new guy until you have checked him out†, and â€Å"don’t tell anybody else more then they have to know† (Pollock, 2015). These codes were all prevalent themes throughout the movie. For example, Lorenzo’s entourage was very hesitant at the idea of Jake being a part of their mission to steal and rob Roger of all his money. They were hesitant because he was the new guy and hadn’t proven himse lf or his capabilities to them yet (Movie). A real-life example would be trusting a new officer’s capability of being your backup in a situation that would involve force, to help save your life. â€Å"Don’t tell anybody more then they have to know† was also a very prevalent theme in Training day. In almost every situation Lorenza and Jake were in Lorenzo failed to tell him all the details and told him to not tell anyone what had happened unless asked. If the cop code is respected and all officers are compliant with the themes it proves to fellow officers that they are loyal and can be trusted. Stressors In policing there are often two types of police officers, the â€Å"crime fighter† and the â€Å"public servant† (Pollock, 2015). The main goal andShow MoreRelatedRacial Profiling And The Justice System1365 Words   |  6 PagesCanadians, these minorities face a different reality in the encounters with police and the justice system in comparison to their white counterparts. Which raises the question of how equal each citizen really is under the same rules. Therefore, in the essay I argue racial profiling is evident in stop and search practices targeting Blacks in Canada by police officers due to institutional racism and police socialization. In this essay the term racial profiling is understood as: actions that rely on exteriorRead MoreThe Law Enforcement System And The Criminal Justice System Essay1657 Words   |  7 Pagescourt process, and conduct follow up investigations if needed.† In addition, in this essay I will be discussing about, the cause and effect of how the law enforcement system relates to unethical behavior, to police subcultures, and finally, corruption prevention programs. 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I also believe the most important role in law enforcement today, is the community police officers/Patrol officersRead MoreSex Sexuality And Its Effect On Society1458 Words   |  6 Pagesmore so same-sex sexuality, were not often mentioned historically, there are many unknowns and inferencing must be done relatively often. Through the convergence of primary sources, such as court cases and diaries, and secondary sources such as essays and books, it is possible for historians to piece together the history of same-sex sexuality in Canada, and more specifically, Alberta. Although society has progressed to become more accepting and understanding, there are also many things that remainRead MoreYouth Culture And Subculture Developed1313 Words   |  6 PagesYouth culture existed before the Second World War and it did not suddenly appear after 1945. However, it emerged after that time for various reasons that will be explained later on this essay. There were many factors of how youth culture and subculture developed such as: demographic changes, National Service, education and raising the school leaving age, the economic period and music. And these factors also helped shape people’s experiences of them. B Demographic changes were the firstRead MorePrison Socialization And The Correctional Institution1188 Words   |  5 Pagesaction against inmates is usually the primary instrument used by corrections officers to ensure harmony in the prison environment. These actions are vital for correction staff, as this shows the prisoners adaption to the correctional system. This essay will define and distinguish between these two models of imprisonment. Importation Model The term importation model was first coined in the 1960s by Donald Cressey and John Irwin who contested the current indigenous origin/deprivation models by proposingRead MoreESSAY - Examine sociological explanations for the lower rates of recorded crime in rural compared to urban areas1414 Words   |  6 PagesHomework Essay Question – Mrs Young 8th November 2013 ESSAY QUESTION: ‘Examine Sociological explanations for the lower rates of recorded crime in rural compared to urban areas’†¦ A group of sociologists based in Chicago became known as Chicago School, and they argued that the growth of cities produced distinctive neighbourhoods, each with its own characteristic lifestyle. Shaw and McKay applied this perspective to their study of delinquency. Statistics from their study shows that 9.8%Read MoreCriminal Activity And Its Control1851 Words   |  8 PagesWithin the first section of this essay it will explore the ways in which contemporary criminology such as realist and critical challenge popular representations, commonsensical images and explanations of crime and its control. Contemporary criminology uses scientific methodology, creating research data that looks at the larger issue of crime, being the social construct of ever altering societies and cultures. Contemporary criminology contains a wide range of theoretical approaches from which allRead MoreWomen During The World War1394 Words   |  6 Pagesand police on the basis of their sexuality. In the face of this tremendous cultural pressure these women carved their own communities and lives out on the edges of the social order. The pervasive fear of homosexuals in the 1950s bred an era of anti-gay legislation that greatly contributed to the horrific discrimination against lesbians and the development of a lesbian subculture. This fear, known as the Lavender Scare, led to a severe climate of oppression for the emerging lesbian subculture followingRead More`` Drag Kings : Masculinity And Performance `` By Judith Halberstam Essay1749 Words   |  7 Pagesthemselves in order to confound, amaze, and de liver a unique and revealing kind of performance. Although, drag queens have fiercely and fabulously strutted themselves into the limelight, their counterpart, the drag king, has remained a more downplayed subculture, which mainstream society is numbly indifferent to. Many have speculated on how men could more successful pull off being women, while women being men remains, according to society, as unauthentic and purely performative. Author of â€Å"Drag Kings: Masculinity

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

How The Vegan Diet Can Fight Off Diseases - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 1000 Downloads: 7 Date added: 2019/02/15 Category Health Essay Level High school Tags: Diet Essay Did you like this example? If youre someone struggling with heart related diseases, diabetes, cancer, or even pregnant and want to know how you can make your body as strong as it can possibly be; Or know someone who falls under one of these columns, keep reading. Roughly 55% of americans are taking medications regularly today. What if I told you there was a way, you can drop the pills and substitute them with a nutritious and sustainable diet? This topic has a ton of controversy. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "How The Vegan Diet Can Fight Off Diseases" essay for you Create order Veganism. Although people shut this topic or idea down daily, people are saving their own lives daily, by adapting to this new â€Å"diet† or â€Å"lifestyle.† Some of you may be asking, â€Å"What is Veganism?† Well, the vegan diet consists of only plant-based foods, which means absolutely no animal products such as; Honey, eggs, and dairy. Research has been proven that the Vegan diet can reverse or prevent the top 8 diseases in the top ten causing death in humans today. This diet is so effective because the lifestyle has no animal products, which means that their diet consists of less processed foods, less saturated fat, and a drop in un natural sugars such as, candies and sweets. Animal proteins that many, many of humans consume daily, are very high in something called essential amino acids, which may sound like a good thing, since they are essential. Unfortunately, too much of them are the complete opposite. Higher amounts of amino acids in our bodies makes us produce a very high level of hormone insulin; Which are basically growth factors in our bodies. This hormone basically stimulates cell growth and division, whether it be i n healthy cells or unhealthy cells such as cancer cells. Your body will keep splitting and producing cancer cells, if theyre in your system. Now, some of us may have their mouth watering at the slightest whiff of a steak, hamburger, chicken, etc. While it may be delicious, there are more negatives than positives when consuming animal products. We will be discussing some of the cons our bodies endure when we decide to take a bite out of animal protein. Animal protein and fiber, or should I say lack thereof. The USDA recommends that men have an intake of 38 grams a day. Many men believe that consuming more and more protein will also give them there daily intake of fiber, in reality theyre barely meeting the bare minimum. According to a study correlated by the USDA more than 95% of americans are not meeting their fiber intake, which may not sound like a big deal to you, is an extremely big deal to your body. Having a high fiber diet or meals can pack a huge punch; Fiber can decrease your risk for cancer and heart disease! As mentioned before, animal protein has a very high concentration of amino acids, these proteins also ha ve high levels of phosphorus. When Phosphorus is consumed by humans, it then gets digested when this process happens your body also releases a chemical called fibroblast, to balance out the phosphorus. Fibroblast is another growth factor in our bodies, which we need, to a certain extent. When we have higher levels of fibroblast it can actually enlarged the cardiac muscle, which can lead to heart attacks, death, or even heart failure. While there are many more cons to animal proteins like higher cholesterol, and preservation chemicals lets move on to our next topic of how veganism can fight diseases and make our bodies thrive the way they were intended to do so. What if I told you, that you had the power to lower your risks of cancer, heart disease, or even diabetes? Well, you do; Veganism. Something so simple as changing what youre consuming daily can make the world of difference to your health. While being vegan may seem hard, or just for the plain fact you like to eat animal products, Lets see if I cant change your mind in this paragraph. The American Cancer Society even notes a plant based diet can be used as a â€Å"potential treatment† for many diseases. The main benefit of the vegan diet is less saturated fats. Animal products such as dairy and meat contain tons of saturated fats. Saturated fats increase the amount of cholesterol in your arteries, this can lead to over time heart disease or in some cases, stroke. Carbohydrates are a tremendous benefit of going vegan, theyre your bodies main source of energy, which leads to nervous and brain health. Carbohydrates in a vegan diet are very nutritious considering you are receiving them in the forms of fruits, vegetables, grains, and legumes. Vegans usually have a diet very high in fiber, lots and lots of benefits, two of them being better bowel movements and the other is decreasing your risks of cancer, especially colon cancer. Believe it or not vegans are consuming protein, the healthy kinds, without added preservatives, chemicals, or agents like phosphorus. Vegans consume their protein by consuming beans, nuts, and lentils. Now, you are consuming enough protein without your body being forced to add in growth factors, which too much of will only harm your body. All of these nutrients,vitamins, minerals, and grains will only benefit your body, you wont have to worry about anything being put in your mouth causing harm because in the long run your body will actually heal from the inside, out. Veganism is gathering more and more attention daily, doctors have already looked into it for quite some time and has finally gathered enough research where people are taking a closer look. In these last couple of paragraphs I hope you got some insight on what youre putting inside your body and how you can better your health, for a lifetime. If you want a change that will reflect on every aspect on your life but most importantly your health, take a look into a plant based diet and see what kind of endeavors or adventures it will take you on. Thank You for reading.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Best Buy Case Study Free Essays

ESLSCA: GROUP 39D | | | | |Best Buy Co. , Inc. pic] | |Strategic Audit | |August 2012 | | | | | Presented to Dr. We will write a custom essay sample on Best Buy Case Study or any similar topic only for you Order Now Sanya EL Galaly Table of Contents About Best Buy Co. , Inc4 Best Buy’s History4 1. Current Situation5 A. Current Performance5 B. Strategic Posture5 . Mission5 2. Objectives5 3. Strategies5 4. Policies6 II. Strategic Managers6 A. Board Members6 B. Top Management7 III. Market Overview7 IV. External Environment8 2. Natural Environment8 2. Social Environment8 2. 1. Economic8 2. 2. Technological8 2. 3. Political–Legal8 2. 4. Sociocultural8 3. Task Environment9 V. Internal Environment9 1. Corporate Structure9 2. Corporate Culture9 3. Corporate Resources9 3. 1. Marketing9 3. 2. Finance9 3. 3. RD10 3. 4. Operations10 3. 5. Human Resources10 3. 6. Information Systems10 VI. Analysis of Strategic Factors10 . Situational Analysis (SWOT) (SFAS Matrix; see Exhibit 3)11 1. 1. Situational Analysis11 1. 1. 1. Summary of Internal Factors11 1. 1. 2. Summary of External Factors11 1. 1. 3. Review of Mission and Objectives11 VII. Strategic Alternatives and Recommended Strategy12 1. Corporat e Strategy12 2. 1. Growth Strategy12 2. 2. Stability Strategy13 2. 3. Retrenchment Strategy13 3. Business Strategy13 3. 1. Cost Leadership Strategy13 3. 2. Differentiation Strategy14 4. Financial Positions14 4. 1. Best Buy Income Statement as of 2009-201214 4. 2. Best Buy Balance Sheet as of 2009-201211 4. 3. Cash Flow Statement for period ended in 2011-201212 B. Recommended Strategy14 VIII. Implementation14 IX. Evaluation and Control14 X. List of Tables15 Exhibit #1 Ratio Analysis Table15 Exhibit #2 IFAS16 Exhibit #3: EFAS17 Exhibit #4: SFAS18 Exhibit #5: TWOS Matrix19 Exhibit #6 IFinancial Position Documents20 About Best Buy Co. , Inc. Best Buy Co. , Inc. (NYSE:BBY) Headquartered IN Richfield, Minnesota, is a leading multi-channel global retailer and developer of technology products and services. 1,100 stores in U. S (21% Market Share), also operated over 2,800 stores global (Canada, Mexico, China and Turkey), 170,000 employees whom are committed to helping deliver the technology solutions that enable easy access to people, knowledge, ideas and fun. The company’s subsidiaries such Geek Squad, Magnolia Audio Video, and Pacific Sales, and operated under both name Best Buy Future Shop labels In CANADA People at BB are aware of their role and impact on the world, and are committed to developing and implementing business strategies that bring sustainable technology solutions to consumers and communities. For information about Best Buy, visit www. bby. com and to shop at Best Buy, visit www. bestbuy. com. Best Buy’s History: In 1966 Best Buy incorporated with original name as Sound of music, the company started as a retailer of audio components and expanded to retailing video products in the early 1980s with the introduction of the videocassette recorder to its product line. In 1983 Best Buy name has been changed to Best Buy Co. Inc. (Best Buy). Shortly thereafter, Best Buy began operating its existing stores under a â€Å"superstore† concept by expanding product offerings and using mass marketing techniques to promote those products. Since 1989 the company altered the function of sales staff structure (policy) dramatically to be transformed from commission basis oriented to be educators and customer assist oriented. Simply sales mission was to generate sales but now changed to answer customer’s question to help for decide which product fit for their needs. In 2000 the company step up to Market space by launched: BestBuy. com (online retail store), which is very important for BB’s customers thus expanding among them to access to store easily without physical visit. I. Current Situation: A. Current performance Volatility of financial position, declining in company’s income compared with last fiscal year, increasing debts as well as operating costs ? Facing increased fears competition ? Raising in operational costs and increasing in debt reducing liquidity of cash. ? Adverse economic climate and financial stress (declining in net income) B. Strategic Posture Mission ? To make technology deliver on its promises to customer ? Keeping customers centered in technological changes â€Å"To make life fun and easy†. To improve customer’s awareness of their needs. Objective ? The top objective of company were sustained growth and earnings (growth oriented) ? Differentiation in retail industry by present unique product service that customer never get before. ? Keeping cost down without sacrificing customer experience given by Best Buy. Strategies ? Developed in 1966 as (a low price strategy) and moved to be service-oriented firm (differ entiation strategy) in 1989. ? Global national growth through acquisition and alliance with Car phone Warehouse Group, UK. Use its economies scale with over 1,000 locations to obtain cost advantage from suppliers due to high quantity of orders, also increase its Advertising budget for massive campaigns In order to cove over entry market barriers. ? Having multiple brands for different customer lifestyles through MA merge and Acquisition. ? Providing customers with highly trained sales associates who available to educate customers regarding product features. ? Construct a diversified portfolio of product offerings by building a significant customer data-base (Customer centricity model) Policies Growth oriented by expansion vertically horizontally. ? Cost reduction is very important (restructure commission sales scheme, shipping the correct inventory to the correct locations). ? Training educate employees regularly, promotion from within at all levels. ? Rapidly response to externa l change. II. Strategic Mangers A. Board Of Directors ? Sixteen members –three are outsider. ? Chairman and founder (Richard M. Schulze), his beneficial ownership of 17. 1 % ? Brian Dunn as Previous CEO, Currently (Mike Mikan) as Interim CEO of Best Buy, who has been Director since 2008. All directors and executive officers as a group, and each person we know who beneficially owns more than 5% of the outstanding shares of Best Buy common stock. [pic] [pic] [pic] [pic] [pic] Richard Shultze Mike Mikan Shari Ballard Jim Muehlbauer Carol Surface Founder, Chairman Interim CEO President International CFO VP, Chief HR Enterprise EVP B. Top Management The two former CEO’s was Richar Shultze and Brad Anderson, but recently Brad stepping down, Brian Dunn replaced, and now replaced with Interim CEO. ? June 7, 2012  Ã¢â‚¬â€ The board of directors of Best Buy Co. , Inc. (NYSE:BBY) today announced the appointment of Hatim A. Tyabji as chairman of the Company, effective immediat ely. Mr. Tyabji, currently Chairman of the Audit Committee, has served as a director since 1998. ? Top managers are recently promoted internally and externally hired ? Top Mangers whom : Richard Shultze: Founder Chairman. G. Mike Mikan : Interim CEO Shari Ballard : President, International and Enterprise EVP. Jim Muehlbauer: Executive VP. And CFO. ? Top management members are very experienced in Industry III. Market Overview The Best Buy family of brands and partnerships collectively generates more than $49 billion in annual revenue and includes brands such as †¢ Best Buy; †¢ Best Buy Mobile; †¢ Audio visions; †¢ The Carphone Warehouse; †¢ Future Shop; †¢ Geek Squad; †¢ Jiangsu Five Star; †¢ Magnolia Audio Video; †¢ Napster; †¢ Pacific Sales; and The Phone House. Community partnership is central to the way Best Buy does business. In fiscal 2010, the company donated a combined $25. 2 million to improve the vitality of the communities where best Buy employees and customers live and work. Strategic priorities focus on growth opportunities, operations, and improved international returns. IV. External Environment (EFAS TABLE; see Exhibit 1) Natural Environment 1. Global warming that increasing by emissions of technology usage. (T) 2. Energy availability a growing problem. (T) Societal Environment 1. Economic a. Unstable economy (stumble) along with eliminate of consumer expends. (T) b. Individual economies becoming interconnected into a world economy. (O) c. Financial crisis that hit EU, might be essential reason to eliminate the Investment in Euro zone. (T) 2. Technological a. IT communication revolution. (O) b. Entering computerization at all fields such â€Å"Manufacturing, business, Agriculture,†¦etc. † (O) c. Trend of social media online digital marketing. (O) 3. Political-Legal a. NAFTA, EFTA, and other agreements between countries to free trading cycle are opening doors to penetrate markets in Latin America and other emerging markets. (O) b. Regulations of Federal Reserve Bank that effect on retail sector’s credit systems. (T) c. Environmentalism being reflected in Laws on pollution and energy usage. (T) 4. Socio Cultural a. Decreasing of unemployment rate which is indicator of increasing of families income then Expands rate. (O) b. Transforming in purchasing behavior from market place to market space. (T) c. Trend of using digital devises rather than paper blocks for daily functions such â€Å"news, reading books, schedule organizer,†¦etc†. (O) d. Trend to value for money as a concept of consumers behavior. (T) Task Environment 1. North American market mature and extremely competitive—vigilant consumers demand high quality with low price in safe, environmentally sound products. (T) 2. Industry going global as North American and European firms expands internationally. (T) 3. Rivalry High. GameStop Corp, Amazon. com, Wal-Mart expanding into consumer electronics and stepping price competition†¦ (T) 4. Buyers’ Power Law. Technology and materials can be sourced worldwide. (O) 5. Power of Other Stakeholders Medium. Quality, safety, environmental regulations increasing. (T) 6. Entry Barriers High. New entrants unlikely except for large international firms. T) V. Internal Environment (IFAS Table; See Exhibit 2) (IFAS Table; See Exhibit 2) A. Corporate Structure 1. Good Domestic Management through separating the Market into Eight territories each is Divided into Districts (S) 2. Best Buy had an international operation Segment (S) B. Corporate Culture 1. Every employee must have the company’s v ision embedded in their service and attitude (S) 2. Best Buy had a reputation for retaining talent and was widely recognized for its superior service (S) C. Corporate Resources 1. Marketing a. Using Customer Centricity Model to market various products (S) b. Supply products that address the needs of Customer (S) c. Meet Customer Needs through End to end Solutions (S) d. More training to BestBuy Employees help it supply customer with Knowledge service which is A Value added Service (S) 2. Finance (See Exhibits 4 and 5 â€Å"Ratios cash flows† ) a. Increase in Long Term Debt from fiscal 2008 to 2009 (W) b. After the Acquisition of Napster and BestBuy Europe Decrease in Available Cash in 2009 (W) c. Increase in Company Total Assets and Revenues due to Successful Acquisitions (S) d. Declining in the Net Income and operating Margin (W) e. The Risk of Having Bad Debts Due to increase in inventory and increase of Revenues However it’s not matching the Big increase in Account receivable (W) 3. R a. Best Buy is Willing to participate in tests of New products (with limited cost to company) (W) 4. Operations a. Increasing Revenues By growing its Customer Base and Increasing its market share Internationally (S) b. Good Domestic Management through separating the Market into Eight territories each is Divided into Districts (S) c. Best Buy had an international operation Segment (S) 5. Human Resources a. Main Objective is supplying the customer with the right knowledge of products and services (S) b. Changing the compensation structure into non-commissioned-based (S) c. Claims that Best Buy employees misrepresented the Manufacture warranty in order to sell its own product service and replacement plan (W) d. Best Buy had undisclosed â€Å"Anti-price matching policy† (W) 6. Information Systems a. Consolidate Data from Retialers , Act as a clearing house for info and results. Communicate the common needs and encourage innovation (S) VI. Analysis of Strategic Factors Situational Analysis (SWOT) (SFAS Matrix; see Exhibit 3) 1. Strengths. †¢ Company Image and Profile †¢ Sales Stuff Policy †¢ Strong financial Position †¢ Customer Centricity Model †¢ Diversified portfolio in Global Markets †¢ Good Horizontal Integration †¢ Talent management †¢ Good Domestic management †¢ Successful Acquisitions †¢ Credit payment policy †¢ Value Added Services 2. Weaknesses †¢ Market Space Sales †¢ Pricing Policy †¢ Assets Management †¢ Operational Cost †¢ Increase in LTD and Debt Management Fluctuating Leadership 3. Opportunities †¢ Potential market of Medical Portable Devices †¢ Gaming Segment growth and Smart Phones †¢ Technology Revolution †¢ Bankruptcy of Circuit City †¢ Expansion of Global Market place 4. Threats †¢ Regulations of Federal Reserve Bank †¢ Econ omic Down turn †¢ Decreasing the entry barrier †¢ Online Competitor †¢ Price War with Wal-Mart †¢ Wal-Mart Deal with Nintendo and Apple †¢ Strong penetration Of Competitor Review of Current Mission and Objectives 1. Bad financial position according to last 2 years. 2. Facing a fierce competition and new challenge expected. VI. Strategic Alternatives and Recommended Strategy: Strategic Alternatives. Corporate Strategy 1. Growth Strategy †¢ Growth vertically through open new stores across U. S to fill gap in fierce competition. Pros: come over competitors expansion’s strategy Cons: Cash Liquidity Issues. †¢ Continuing of global expansions, and focus on emerged untapped markets. Pros: supporting of Best Buy’s overseas position to be Leader in this Marekts. Cons: domestic regulations in foreign countries and security. †¢ Horizontal integration by joint venture with new suppliers. Pros: more control on operational cost Cons: Management issue, and conflictions. 2. Stability Strategy †¢ Hold acquisitions in Euro zone according to economic crisis, and in Canada as well. Pros: saving more capital cost to be invested in North America and other virgin markets. Cons: allow to competitors to raising their market share in such left market. 3. Retrenchment Strategy †¢ Develop downsizing policy in costly labor markets such (Europe). Pros: Divesting BBY improves bottom line and focus ME Asia Markets. Cons: loosing Europe’s market share. †¢ Decreasing some of discretionary expenses in such (Advertising ) in one or two of states that saturated. Pros: saving a lot of regular cost to be invested in domestic expansion. Cons: risk of loose customer’s positioning by time. Business Strategy 1. Differentiation Strategy †¢ Develop trade-off strategy that allow Best Buy’s customers to replace their own devices by new technology devices in justified prices. Pros: another source of money that generate liquidity for company Cons: adding operational cost line 2. Alliance strategy Build a solid strategic Alliance with a reliable brand in market space that has urgently need to access to retail market. (Win/Win) Pros: Access to know-how of online market. Cons: reveal of operations and management techniques. RECOMMENDED STRATGIES 1. Growth Strategy †¢ Growth vertically through open new stores across U. S to fill gap in fierce competition. Pros: come over competitors expansion’s strategy Cons: Cash Liquidity Issues. †¢ Continuing of global expansions, and focus on emerged untapped markets. Pros: supporting of Best Buy’s overseas position to be Leader in this Marekts. Cons: domestic regulations in foreign countries and security. †¢ Horizontal integration by joint venture with new suppliers. Pros: more control on operational cost Cons: Management issue, and conflictions. . Differentiation Strategy †¢ Develop trade-off strategy that allow Best Buy’s customers to replace their own devices by new technology devices in justified prices. Pros: another source of money that generate liquidity for company Cons: adding operational cost line. VII. Implementation: †¢ As the recommended strategies is gr owth strategy so business development dept. should select strategic locations across U. S that include high traffic . †¢ The operations and mainly the supply chain department must do their best for getting best prices and cutting operations cost. Maintain the current global expansion plan and build solid studies for emerging markets and developing countries customer’s culture there. †¢ Developing more powerful CRM application and POS systems to recognize customers data. XI. Evaluation and Control: †¢ involving the top managers, key persons and employees in operations efficiency programs †¢ Monitoring the performance regularly especially after new application applied. †¢ Follow up the plan of domestic operations that related to supplier. Exhibit 1 E F A S Exhibit 2 I F A S Exhibit 3 S F A S Exhibit 4 | |BEST BUY CO. , INC. | |CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET | |($ in millions, except per share amounts) | | | | | | | | | | | |  |February  28, |   |  | | | |2009 | | | |  | Assets |  |   |   |  |  | |Current Assets |  |   |   |  |  | |   |C|   |$|4| | |a| | |9| | |s| | |8| | |h| | | | | |a| | | | | |n| | | | | |d| | | | | |c| | | | | |a| | | | | |s| | | | | |h| | | | | |e| | | | | |q| | | | | |u| | | | | |i| | | | | |v| | | | | |a| | | | | |l| | | | | |e| | | | | n| | | | | |t| | | | | |s| | | | |   |  |To|   |  |8| | | |ta| | |,| | | |l | | |1| | | |cu| | |9| | | |rr| | |2| | | |en| | | | | | |t | | | | | | |as| | | | | | |se| | | | | | |ts| | | | |   |L|   |  |7| | |a| | |5| | |n| | |5| | |d| | | | | |a| | | | | |n| | | | | |d| | | | | |b| | | | | |u| | | | | |i| | | | | |l| | | | | |d| | | | | i| | | | | |n| | | | | |g| | | | | |s| | | | | |  |   |6,940 |  |  | |   |L|   |  |2| | |e| | |,| | |s| | |7| | |s| | |6| | |a| | |6| | |c| | | | | |c| | | | | |u| | | | | |m| | | | | |u| | | | | |l| | | | | |a| | | | | |t| | | | | |e| | | | | |d| | | | | |d| | | | | |e| | | | | |p| | | | | |r| | | | | e| | | | | |c| | | | | |i| | | | | |a| | | | | |t| | | | | |i| | | | | |o| | | | | |n| | | | |   |  |Ne|   |  |4| | | |t | | |,| | | |pr| | |1| | | |op| | |7| | | |er| | |4| | | |ty| | | | | | |an| | | | | | |d | | | | | | |eq| | | | | | |ui| | | | | | |pm| | | | | | |en| | | | | | |t | | | | |Tradenames |  |   |173 |  |  | |Customer Relationships |  |   |322 |  |  | |Equity and Other Investments |  |   |395 |  |  | |Other Assets   |   |367 |  |  | |   |  |   |  |  | |Total Assets |  |$ |15,826 |  |  | |   |  |   |  |  | |Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity |  |   |   |  |  | |Current Liabilities |  |   |   |  |  | |   |A|   |$|4| | |c| | |,| | |c| | |9| | |o| | |9| | |u| | |7| | |n| | | | | |t| | | | | |s| | | | | |p| | | | | |a| | | | | |y| | | | | |a| | | | | |b| | | | | |l| | | | | |e| | | | |   |  |To|   |  |8| | | |ta| | |,| | | |l | | |4| | | |cu| |3| | | |rr| | |5| | | |en| | | | | | |t | | | | | | |li| | | | | | |ab| | | | | | |il| | | | | | |it| | | | | | |ie| | | | | | |s | | | | |Long-Term Debt |  |   |1,126 |  |  | |Minority Interests |  |   |513 |  |  | |Shareholders’ Equity |  |   |   |  |  | |   |P|   |  |—| | |r| | | | | |e| | | | | |f| | | | | |e| | | | | |r| | | | | |r| | | | | |e| | | | | |d| | | | | |s| | | | | |t| | | | | |o| | | | | |c| | | | | |k| | | | | |,| | | | | |$| | | | | |1| | | | | |. | | | | |0| | | | | |0| | | | | |p| | | | | |a| | | | | |r| | | | | |v| | | | | |a| | | | | |l| | | | | |u| | | | | |e| | | | | |:| | | | | |A| | | | | |u| | | | | |t| | | | | |h| | | | | |o| | | | | |r| | | | | |i| | | | | |z| | | | |e| | | | | |d| | | | | |  | | | | | |—| | | | | |4| | | | | |0| | | | | |0| | | | | |,| | | | | |0| | | | | |0 | | | | | |0| | | | | |s| | | | | |h| | | | | |a| | | | | |r| | | | | |e| | | | | |s| | | | | |;| | | | | |I| | | | | |s| | | | | |s| | | | | |u| | | | | |e| | | | | |d| | | | | a| | | | | |n| | | | | |d| | | | | |o| | | | | |u| | | | | |t| | | | | |s| | | | | |t| | | | | |a| | | | | |n| | | | | |d| | | | | |i| | | | | |n| | | | | |g| | | | | |  | | | | | |—| | | | | |n| | | | | |o| | | | | |n| | | | | |e| | | | |   |  |Total shareholders’ |  |  | | | |equity | | | |Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity |  |$ |15,826 |  |  | |   |  |   |  |  | BEST BUY CO. ,  INC. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS ($  in millions) (Unaudited and subject to reclassification)    | |CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS | |($ in millions) | |(Unaudited and subject to reclassification) | | | | | | | | | | |Mar. 3, 2012 | |Feb. 6, 2011 | |ASSETS | | | | |Current assets | | | | |Cash and cash equivalents |  $            1,199 | |  $            1,103 | |Short-term investments |                           -| |                          22 | | |   | | | |Receivables |                 2,359 | |                 2,348 | |Merchandise inventories |                 5,731 | |                 5,897 | |Other current assets |                 1,079 | |                 1,103 | |Total current assets |              10,368 | |              10,473 | |Net property equipment |                 3,471 | |                 3,823 | |Goodwill |                 1,335 | |                 2,454 | |Tradenames |                       130 | |                       133 | |Customer relationships | 29 | |                       203 | |Equity and other investments |               à ‚        140 | |                       328 | |Other assets |                       403 | |                       435 | |TOTAL ASSETS |  $         16,076 | |  $         17,849 | | | | | | |LIABILITIES EQUITY | | | | |Current liabilities | | | | |Accounts payable |  $            5,435 | |  $            4,894 | |Accrued liabilities |                 2,968 | |                 2,771 | |Short-term debt |                       480 | |                       557 | |Current portion of long-term debt |                          43| |                       441 | |Total current liabilities |                 8,926 | |                 8,663 | |Long-term liabilities |                 1,099 | |                 1,183 | |Long-term debt |                 1,685 | |                       711 | |Equity |                 4,366 | |                 7,292 | |TOTAL LIABILITIES EQUITY |  $         16,076 | |  $         17,849 | | | |BEST BUY CO. , INC. | |CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS | |($ in millions, except per share amounts) | |   |  | | | | | |Feb. 8, | | | | | |2009 | | |Revenue | | |$ |45,015 | | |Cost of goods sold | | |34,017 | | |Gross profit | | |10,998 | | |Gross profit % | | |24. 4% | | |Selling, general and administrative expenses | | |8,984 | | |SG % | | |20. 0% | | |Restructuring charges | | |78 | | |Goodwill and tradename impairment | | |66 | | |Operating income | | |1,870 | | |Operating income % | | |4. % | | |Other income (expense) | | | | | |Investment income and other | | |35 | | |Investment impairment | | |(111 |)| |Interest expense | |)|(94 |)| |Earnings before income tax expense and minority interests | | |1,700 | | |Income tax expense | | |674 | | | Effective tax rate | | |39. % | | |Minority interests | | |(30 |)| |Equity in earnings (loss) of affiliates | | |7 | | |Net earnings | | |$ |1,003 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |Earnings per share | | | | | |Basic | | |$ |2. 43 | | |Diluted(1) | | |$ |2. 39 | | | | | | | | |Dividends declared per common share | | |$ |0. 4 | | | | | | | | |Weighted average common shares outstanding (in millions) | | | | | |   | | | | | |Basic | | |412. 5 | | |Diluted(1) | | |422. 9 | | |BEST BUY CO. , INC. | |CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS | |($ in millions, except per share amounts) | | | | | | | |Feb. 7, | | | | |2010 | |Revenue | | |$ |49,694 | | |Cost of goods sold: | | | | |Cost of goods sold | | |37,534 | | |Restructuring charges – cost of goods sold | | |— | | |Total cost of goods sold | | |37,534 | | |Gross profit | | |12,160 | | |Gross profit % | | | 24. 5 |% | |Selling, general and administrative expenses | | |9,873 | | |SGA % | | |19. 9 |% | |Res tructuring charges | | |52 | | |Operating income | | |2,235 | | |Operating income % | | |4. |% | |Other income (expense) | | | | |Investment income and other | | |54 | | |Interest expense | | |(94 |) | |Earnings before income taxes and equity in earnings of affiliates | | |2,195 | | |Income tax expense | | |802 | | |Effective tax rate | | |36. 5 |% | |Equity in earnings of affiliates | | |1 | | |Net earnings including noncontrolling interests | | |1,394 | | |Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests | | |(77 |) | |Net earnings attributable to Best Buy Co. , Inc. | |$ |1,317 | | | | | | | | | | | | |Earnings per share attributable to Best Buy Co. , Inc. | | | | |Basic | | |$ |3. 16 | | |Diluted(1) | | |$ |3. 10 | | | | | | | |BEST BUY CO. , INC. | |CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS |($ in millions, except per share amounts) | |(Unaudited and subject to reclassification) | | | | | | | | | | | | |Twelve Months Ended | | | | |Mar. 3, | |Feb. 26, | | | | |2012 | | 2011 | | |Revenue | |  $ 50,705 | |$49,747 | | |Cost of goods sold | |38,113 | |37,197 | | |Restructuring charges – cost of goods sold | |                 19 | |                 9 | | |Gross profit (24. 8%, 25. 25. %) | |     12,573 | |  12,541 | | |Selling, GA expenses | |  Ã‚  10,242 | |10,029 | | |Goodwill impairment | |1,207 | |  Ã¢â‚¬â€ | | |Restructuring charges | |                 39 | |           138 | | |Operating income | |        1,085 | |      2,374 | | |Other income (expense): | | | | | | |Gain on sale of investments | |                 55 | |  Ã¢â‚¬â€ | | |Investment income and other | |                 37 | |              43 | | |Interest expense | |         (134) | |           (86) | | |Earnings from continuing operations before income tax    | |        1,043 | |      2,331 | | |expense and equity in (loss) earnings of affiliates | | | | | | |Income tax expense | |            709 | |           779 | | |Effective tax rate | |68. 0% | |33. 4% | | |Equity in (loss) earnings of affiliates | |               (4) |                 2 | | |Net (loss) earnings from continuing operations | |            330 | |      1,554 | | |Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax | |         (308) | |        (188) | | |Net (loss) earnings including noncontrolling interest | |               22 | |      1,366 | | |Net earnings from continuing operations attributable to | |     (1,387) | |        (127) | | |noncontrolling interests | | | | | | |Net loss from discontinued operations attributable to | |            134 | |              38 | | |noncontrolling interests | | | | | | |Net (loss) earnings attributable to Best Buy Co. , Inc. | |  $(1,231) | |  $ 1,277 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |Continuing operations | |  $    (2. 89) | |  $    3. 51 | | |Discontinued operations | |  $   (0. 47) | |  $ (0. 37) | | |Basic (loss) earnings per share | |  $   (3. 36) | |  $    3. 4 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |Continuing operations | |  $   (2. 89) | |  $    3. 44 | | |Discontinued operations | |  $   (0. 47) | |  $ (0. 36) | | |Diluted (loss) earnings per share | |  $   (3. 36) | |  $    3. 08 | | | | | | | | | |Dividends declared per Best Buy Co. , Inc. common share | |  $       0. 2 | |  $    0. 58 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |Basic | |        366. 3 | |      406. 1 | | |Diluted | |        366. 3 | |      416. 5 | | |F|   | |e| | |b| | |r| | |u| | |Febru |   | |BEST BUY CO. INC | |CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS | |($ in millions) | |(Unaudited and subject to reclassification) | | | | | | | | | |Twelve Months Ended | | | |Mar. 3,   | |Feb. 6,   | | | |2012 | |2011 | |OPERATING ACTIVITIES | | | | | |Net earnings including noncontrolling interests | |  $                  22 | |  $             1,366 | |Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to total cash provided by| | | | | |operating activities: | | | | | |Depreciation and amortization of definite-lived intangible | | 45 | |                     978 | |assets    | | | | | |Goodwill impairment | |               1,207 | |  Ã¢â‚¬â€ | |Realized gain on sale of investments | |                    (55) | |  Ã¢â‚¬â€ | |Other, net    | |                    462 | |                     209 | |Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquired | | | | | |assets and liabilities: | | | | | |Receivables | |                    (28) | |                    (371) | |Merchandise inventories | |                    120 | |                    (400) | |Accounts payable | |      à ‚              643 | |                    (443) | |Other assets and liabilities    | |                    (23) | |                    (149) | |Total cash provided by operating activities | |               3,293 | |                  1,190 | | | | | | | |INVESTING ACTIVITIES | | | | | |Additions to property and equipment | |                  (766) | |                    (744) | |Other, net    | |                     42 | |                     175 | |Total cash used in investing activities | |                  (724) | |                    (569) | | | | | | |FINANCING ACTIVITIES | | | | | |Repurchase of common stock | |              (1,500) | |                 (1,193) | |Borrowings (repayments) of debt, net    | |   How to cite Best Buy Case Study, Free Case study samples

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Burial Practices Of The Ancient Egyptian And Greco Essay Paper Example For Students

Burial Practices Of The Ancient Egyptian And Greco Essay Paper -Roman CulturesAncient Egyptian and Greco-Roman practices of preparing the dead for thenext cradle of humanity are very intriguing. These two cultures differ in amultitude of ways yet similarities can be noted in the domain of funeraryservices. In the realm of Egyptian afterlife, The Book of the Dead canprovide one with vital information concerning ritual entombment practicesand myths of the afterlife. The additional handouts I received fromTimothy Stoker also proved to be useful in trying uncover vital informationregarding the transition into another life. Regarding the burial practicesof Greece and Rome, parts of Homers Odyssey are useful in the analysis ofproper interment methods. One particular method used by the Egyptians was an intricateprocess known as mummification. It was undoubtedly a very involved processspanning seventy days in some cases. First, all the internal organs wereremoved with one exception, the heart. If the body was not already West ofthe Nile it was transported across it, but not before the drying processwas initiated. Natron (a special salt) was extracted from the banks of theNile and was placed under the corpse, on the sides, on top, and bags of thesubstance were placed inside the body cavity to facilitate the process ofdehydration. After thirty-five days the ancient embalmers would anoint thebody with oil and wrap it in fine linen. If the deceased was wealthyenough a priest donning a mask of Anubis would preside over the ceremoniesto ensure proper passage into the next realm. One of the practices overseen by the priest was the placing of aspecial funerary amulet over the heart. This was done in behest to secure asuccessful union with Osiris and their kas. The amulet made sure the heartdid not speak out against the individual at the scale of the goddess ofjustice and divine order, Maat. The priest also made use of a peculiarritual instrument, a sort of chisel, with which he literally opened themouth of the deceased. This was done to ensure that the deceased was ableto speak during their journeys in Duat. Another practice used by the Egyptians to aid the departed soulinvolved mass human sacrifice. Many times if a prominent person passedaway the family and servants would willfully ingest poison to continuetheir servitude in the next world. The family members and religiousfigureheads of the community did just about everything in their power toaid the deceased in the transition to a new life. The community made sure the chamber was furnished with everythingnecessary for the comfort and well-being of the occupants. It wasbelieved that the individual would be able of accessing these items in thenext world. Some of the most important things that the deceased would needto have at his side were certain spells and incantations. A conglomerationof reading material ensured a successful passage; The Pyramid Texts, TheBook of the Dead, and the Coffin Texts all aided the lost soul in theirjourney through Duat into the Fields of the Blessed. Besides all thesespells, charms, and magical tomb texts, the ancient practice of depositingin the tomb small wooden figures of servants was employed. These Ushabistatuettes as they are called, were essentially slaves of the deceased. If the deceased was called to work in the Elysian fields he would call uponone of the statues to take his place and perform the task for him. It wasnot unheard of for an individual to have a figure for every day of the yearto ensure an afterlife devoid of physical exertion. Just about every thingthe embalmers and burial practitioners did during the process was done forparticular reasons. .u24b834dd68ffee74bb06b5b3a6bce3b5 , .u24b834dd68ffee74bb06b5b3a6bce3b5 .postImageUrl , .u24b834dd68ffee74bb06b5b3a6bce3b5 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u24b834dd68ffee74bb06b5b3a6bce3b5 , .u24b834dd68ffee74bb06b5b3a6bce3b5:hover , .u24b834dd68ffee74bb06b5b3a6bce3b5:visited , .u24b834dd68ffee74bb06b5b3a6bce3b5:active { border:0!important; } .u24b834dd68ffee74bb06b5b3a6bce3b5 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u24b834dd68ffee74bb06b5b3a6bce3b5 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u24b834dd68ffee74bb06b5b3a6bce3b5:active , .u24b834dd68ffee74bb06b5b3a6bce3b5:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u24b834dd68ffee74bb06b5b3a6bce3b5 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u24b834dd68ffee74bb06b5b3a6bce3b5 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u24b834dd68ffee74bb06b5b3a6bce3b5 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u24b834dd68ffee74bb06b5b3a6bce3b5 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u24b834dd68ffee74bb06b5b3a6bce3b5:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u24b834dd68ffee74bb06b5b3a6bce3b5 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u24b834dd68ffee74bb06b5b3a6bce3b5 .u24b834dd68ffee74bb06b5b3a6bce3b5-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u24b834dd68ffee74bb06b5b3a6bce3b5:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: In Cold Blood EssayMany of the funerary practices of the ancient Greco-Romans werealso done with a specific purpose in mind. Unlike the Egyptians theGreco-Roman cultures did not employ elaborate tombs but focused on the useof a simple pit in the ground. Right after death, not too dissimilar fromthe practices of the Egyptians, it was necessary for the persons tocarefully wash and prepare the corpse for his journey. It was vital forall persons to receive a proper burial and if they did not they were dammedto hover in a quasi-world, somewhat of a limbo between life and death. One Greco-Roman myth that illustrates this point is The Odyssey byHomer. There is a part in Book eleven of the work in which Homerspecifically addresses proper burial rites. When Odysseus wishes tocontact Tiresias, he comes across Elpenor, one of his soldiers. Thisparticular man fell (in a haphazard fashion) to his death on the island ofthe Kimmerians, but did not receive a proper burial and was stuck in limbo. Elpenor begged Odysseus and his men to return to the island and care forhis body. Consequently, they did return and Elpenor passed into the nextworld. Most likely he was buried in the same fashion other members of hissociety were; a pyre was probably constructed and the body placed upon it. Also placed on the pyre were items that the deceased held dear in life withthe hope that they would follow him into the next world. In order tosurvive in the afterlife, the deceased is also presented with a small coinwhich came to be known as the ferrying fee for Charon. This can belikened to the Egyptian practice of introducing coinage into the tomb insome cases. Homer also speaks of the psyche, which slips out of man at themoment of death and enters the house of Ais, also known as Aides, Aidoneus,and in Attic as Hades. This idea can be compared to the concept of anindividuals ba in ancient Egypt. When someone died, an eternal part ofthem (their ba) would also slip out and seek out the individuals spiritualtwin (their ka) in order to unite with it and facilitate a successfulpassage. Many times in myth, the living desired to speak with the departed. When Odysseus wishes to speak with the Nekyia in Book eleven, goats must besacrificed and their blood was recognized as inspiring the deceased tospeak. The Egyptians also were concerned with the ability of the deceasedto speak in the next realm; this is exemplified in one of the mostimportant spells in The Book of the Dead, the opening of the mouth. When all the funerary rites had been done, the next step was tomark the spot of the deceased. The grave is marked with a stone, thesign, sema. This grave stone would have the name of the soul, and oftensome type of epigram in verse form. Invariably near the grave, some type ofguardian of the soul would be located. Lion and sphinx were found as gravemarkers and this idea is paralleled in the practices of the natives ofEgypt. A certain cult image was buried with the deceased in Egypt inorder to look after and more importantly protect ones ba from beingdisturbed. It also acted as a type of purge valve for any ba which mayhave been unjustly disturbed in the tomb. Burial practices aside one can note an interesting differencebetween these two ancient civilizations. Differences can be observedconcerning how amicable the afterlife was. The Egyptians had a positiveoutlook. They believed that after one became Osirus, They would move intoa new world, which was nice, no one had to work, and everything was veryclean. One could compare their lives in the next world with the childrensclassic board game, Candyland. In this game all was fine and dandy, thedont worry be happy attitude flourished, not distant from the life inthe Fields of the Blessed. On the other hand, Greco-Roman afterlife was arather dismal place. The dead Achilles summed everything up by saying toOdysseus, Do not try to make light of death to me, I would sooner be boundto the soil in the hire of another man, a man without lot and without muchto live on, than rule over all the perished dead. Needless to say, theHomeric afterlife was no Candyland. .u2af0d0361621e4790567c6794801aaf0 , .u2af0d0361621e4790567c6794801aaf0 .postImageUrl , .u2af0d0361621e4790567c6794801aaf0 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u2af0d0361621e4790567c6794801aaf0 , .u2af0d0361621e4790567c6794801aaf0:hover , .u2af0d0361621e4790567c6794801aaf0:visited , .u2af0d0361621e4790567c6794801aaf0:active { border:0!important; } .u2af0d0361621e4790567c6794801aaf0 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u2af0d0361621e4790567c6794801aaf0 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u2af0d0361621e4790567c6794801aaf0:active , .u2af0d0361621e4790567c6794801aaf0:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u2af0d0361621e4790567c6794801aaf0 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u2af0d0361621e4790567c6794801aaf0 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u2af0d0361621e4790567c6794801aaf0 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u2af0d0361621e4790567c6794801aaf0 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u2af0d0361621e4790567c6794801aaf0:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u2af0d0361621e4790567c6794801aaf0 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u2af0d0361621e4790567c6794801aaf0 .u2af0d0361621e4790567c6794801aaf0-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u2af0d0361621e4790567c6794801aaf0:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Following A Dream Toward Freedom EssayCandyland or not, both cultures went to extremes in order toguarantee a successful voyage into the next world. The two ancientcivilizations hoped that through their intricate actions the individualwould be protected and prepared for their many experiences on the otherside. By looking at selections of Homers Odyssey and The Book of theDead, one can draw many similarities between the two cultures; however,differences are also apparent due to cultural differences concerning whatwould happen to the departed soul.Words/ Pages : 1,483 / 24

Friday, March 27, 2020

Geoffrey Chaucer Essays (1671 words) - The Canterbury Tales

Geoffrey Chaucer annon ?...I think some of Chaucer belongs to his time and that much of that time is dead, extinct, and never to be made alive again. What was alive in it, lives through him...? --John Masefield Geoffrey Chaucer?s world was the Europe of the fourteenth century. It was neither rich or poor, happy nor sad. Rather, it was the intermingling of these, a mixture of splendor and poverty, displaying both worldly desire and spiritual purity. Chaucer?s travels through it, mostly on ?the King?s business,? or civil service, shaped his writing, offering the readers of today a brief glimpse into the world in which he lived. Chaucer lived from approximately AD 1340 to 1400. The world in which he lived was not one of peace or stability. Born the son of a London vintner, he remained a Londoner for most of the rest of his life, leaving the city only on ?the King?s business?. The city of London was thus Chaucer?s environment for most of his life. Aside from brief visits into other countries or areas of England, he remained in the city, and it?s affects on his writing was immense. London of that time was not the London of today. It was a walled city, guarded against invasion, but long enough time had passed since such a threat had approached that the defenses had loosened. Houses perched upon the walls, and Chaucer in fact, lived for a time in a house built over Aldgate, (one of the gates of the city). London was a city less than three-quarters of a square mile in size: It ran east and west along the Thames less than one and a half miles, and extended northwards less than half a mile. Over 20,000 people were packed into this small area; the diversity of the inhabitants was overwhelming. Londoners ranged from wealthy to impoverished, from small to large, from shoemaker to blacksmith to minstrel to priest. The city was thus fairly close. Stone building mingled with tile, wood, and thatch. While the major streets were fairly wide, small shops and stands often spread out into the road, effectively narrowing it by up to half it?s width. London Bridge (the only bridge in the city) was home to a multitude of homes and shops, perched on top of the span to conserve space. Waste was disposed of simply. It was emptied out the windows into the alley or street and slaughtering was done in he streets as well, with scraps being tossed underfoot. Hogs were often used to keep the streets clean, but were assisted by wild dogs and scavenger birds. Open sewers ran through the streets and into the Thames. Most of the rest of Chaucer?s life was open at the courts of the king of England. Here a startling change was apparent. The filth of the streets disappeared, to be replaced by the splendor so often associated with royalty. The royal court of England was home to many in Chaucer?s time. Courtiers, pages, knights, nobles, princes, and of course the King and Queen. Chaucer rose through the ranks of the king?s men, experiencing all aspects of court life. He was a page, squire, court-bard, counselor and finally courtier to various monarchs. Many kings rose an fell in his lifetime. Chaucer began his life in the king?s service in the reign of Edward III, and performed his service a long while. He was important enough to Edward that he was personally ransomed after being captured by the French in the war between Edward and Charles, an honor usually reserved for nobles. By 1378 Edward III had died, and Chaucer was the man of Richard II. The country was caught up in a political battle between the nobles of Gloucester and Lancaster. The actions of these two nobles sent Chaucer reeling , his world constantly changing about him. The only stable item in Chaucer?s world was religion. The institution of religion, the church, was quite prominent and visible. Cathedrals dotted the cities of the world, and even the smallest town had a church. The glory of the Church may even have outshone that of the royal court. Cathedrals were brilliant with magnificent carvings, statues of precious metals murals, holy artifacts, and many other gleaming treasures. Even the smallest church was home to some splendor. The glory of the church, and the power it put forth over the population made it a major political power of the time. Chaucer was born in the early 1340?s. Very little is known about the first stage of his life. However, two items are fairly certain. It appears that Chaucer was the

Friday, March 6, 2020

Burning through money Essays

Burning through money Essays Burning through money Essay Burning through money Essay The debater uses statements to arouse commiseration in the readers ( †¦each of those cuts hurt. striping seniors. for illustration. of their full portion of tenants assistance†¦ ) to do them believe that the author’s place is the right 1. Despite the about inexplicable budget job. ( governor ) said. California won’t have to scant on contending fires because of a $ 1. 7-billion modesty built into the budget for precisely this sort of emergency†¦ Schwarzenegger built this year’s modesty on cuts from the general fund. Each of those cuts hurt. striping seniors. for illustration. of their full portion of tenants aid and maintaining counties from being able to prove H2O quality at beaches. Argument in Standard Form P1. This year’s modesty is built on cuts from general signifier. P2. Those cuts made the province bound other disbursals. So. there is still shortage in the state’s budget. and Californians should worry about it. Name of the Fallacy: Scare Tactics Definition: an irrelevant menace of injury to progress one’s decision. Explanation: This statement tries to convert the reader to back up the arguer’s place that the lone manner to restrict budget cuts is increasing revenue enhancements. depicting chilling options to this determination ( ( Cuts ) can be avoided merely by raising revenue enhancements - or by go forthing the province unprepared for an temblor. terrorist onslaught or more fires ) The province now faces deeper and more cardinal cuts. They can be avoided merely by raising revenue enhancements - or by go forthing the province unprepared for an temblor. terrorist onslaught or more fires. Argument in Standard Form P1. The province now faces cuts. P2. They can be avoided by raising revenue enhancements. So. revenue enhancements should be raised in order to avoid budget cuts. Article 2 – Hands-free: no less clang. but more hard currency Name of the statement: Ad Hominem – Attacking the Motive Definition: An onslaught on the beginning of an statement instead than on the statement itself. An effort to sabotage a instance by proposing that its debater merely advances it out of her self-interest Explanation: The debater tries to convert reader that the determination made by California’s authorities to censor drivers speaking handheld phones was incorrect by presuming that the motivation for this determination was to raise budgets by ticketing the drivers California’s new jurisprudence coercing automobilists to utilize hands-free devices has resulted in tonss of new authorities gross from 5. 634 traffic tickets written in four months in Orange. San Diego and parts of Riverside and Imperial counties. At $ 90 a dad after added appraisals. possibly that was the intended consequence . Argument in Standard Form P1. 5. 634 traffic tickets were written in four months in Orange. San Diego and parts of Riverside and Imperial counties. P2. Each ticket brings the authorities $ 90 So. the government’s gross has been raised after accepting the jurisprudence. Name of the Fallacy: Inappropriate Appeal to Authority Definition: An authorization is cited as support for a decision. but the authorization does non hold expertness in the country or is someway non dependable. Explanation: The writer cites psychological science professor David Strayer ( ` [ D ] rending while speaking on a cell phone is every bit bad as. or possibly worse. than driving rummy. ) . The comparing between rummy drive and utilizing phones while driving is the professor’s personal sentiment. no consequences of survey or research on this subject provided. ` [ D ] rending while speaking on a cell phone is every bit bad as. or possibly worse. than driving rummy. which is wholly unacceptable and can non be tolerated by society. ` wrote the studys lead writer. psychological science professor David Strayer. He wants all phone usage banned in vehicles. Argument in Standard Form P1. Professor David Strayer wants all phone usage banned in vehicles P2. He thinks that speaking on a cell phone is every bit bad as. or possibly worse. than driving rummy. So. professor’s Strayer’s sentiment is that phone usage should be banned in vehicles. Article 3 – Agbonlahor should either stand up to Barton or halt bleating Name of the Fallacy: Ad Hominem- Personal Attack Definition: An onslaught on the beginning of an statement instead than on the statement itself. Geting person to accept a decision by verbally mistreating an opposition. Explanation: The debater abuses Gabriel Agbonlahor by naming him a sap to convert the reader Joey Barton does non hold to apologise to him for their bicker Gabriel Agbonlahor is a sap if he thinks Joey Barton is traveling to apologise to him for their recent bicker. The Aston Villa striker’s quarrel with the Newcastle hood led to rumor that he had been racially abused. But Agbonlahor didn’t want to do a ailment and neither did his nine. The FA were forced to drop a proposed probe and Barton denied the allegation. The decision had to be that nil untoward was said – so what has Barton got to state sorry for? Argument in Standard Form P1: Agbonlahor’s quarrel with Barton led to rumor that Agbonlahor had been racially abused P2: Agbonlahor didn’t make a ailment and neither did his nine P3: The FA were forced to drop a proposed probe. Barton has got nil to state sorry for as there is no official ailment. Name of the Fallacy: False Options Definition: Falsely limits picks to two. when in fact there are more. One of the options is normally preferred by the debater. Explanation: The writer insists that Agbonlahor has either do a ailment. or halt demanding apology from Barton. restricting solutions of the incidents to two. while in fact there are more of them. Hatchet Man is no vindicator for the inmate. far from it. but if Agbonlahor thinks something inappropriate was said he has to do his instance and allow the governments decide. Claiming afterwards that Barton’s had adequate bad imperativeness so I decided to go forth it. ’ but that he would take an apology is a coward’s manner out. Agbonlahor should either stand up against something he thinks is incorrect. or halt bleating. He can’t have it both ways . Argument in Standard Form P1. One of the ways to work out the incident is doing the instance and allowing the governments decide. P2: Hatchet Man is no vindicator for the inmate Agbonlahor should do a ailment in order to acquire apologies from Barton.

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

A Case for an Intergrated Criminal Court and Against an Independent Research Paper

A Case for an Intergrated Criminal Court and Against an Independent Juvenile Justice System - Research Paper Example They dispute that there are important differences between the development of adults and young individuals or that rehabilitation remains different from sentencing and persuade legislators to sustain the differences between offenders and antisocial or deviants. Some stress psychological insufficiency or physical helplessness. Others argue that juvenile courts safeguard young lawbreakers from further corrective criminal justice rules. Yet, there are those who argue that juvenile courts furnish the sole opportunity in which to take into account all the official and legal issues, such as abuse, neglect, felony, and dependency, which impinge on families and children (Corriero, 2006). Finally, advocates of an independent juvenile justice system call upon the contingency argument of Progressives (Feld, 1999): in spite of the procedural defects and evident impoverishment of juvenile courts, criminal courts represent more unpleasant locations to try and sentence juvenile delinquents. Juvenile courts try to integrate criminal social control and social welfare in a single organization and unavoidably perform both poorly due to the innate conflict in both functions. In contrast, a juvenile adaptation of an adult criminal justice system is a body devoid of any justification (Culbertson, 2000). Since there are already existing criminal courts, with no social welfare basis, a juvenile adaptation of an adult criminal justice system would only be unnecessary. The Arguments for an Independent Juvenile Court and Against an Integrated Criminal Court An independent juvenile justice system needs a more defined, refined justification than crude punishment versus rehabilitation arguments. In fact hardly any observable differences are present between these two functions. However, if it is recognized that juvenile courts penalize young delinquents, we then take the responsibility of granting them criminal procedural protections since â€Å"the condition of being a boy does not justify a kangaroo court† (Barkan & Bryjak, 2010, 520). It has been argued by the McKeiver Court that obliging procedural similarity with adults would terminate the juvenile court trial, yet took for granted the fact that refusing to do so reinforced bias and injustice (Feld, 1999). To perceive and deal with equally positioned criminals differently, to sentence young offenders for the sake of rehabilitation, and to strip them of essential protections cultivate a kind of injustice that frustrates any attempts towards reform. The present juvenile court does not offer justice or rehabilitation and cannot be reformed. The other policy alternatives are to pattern juvenile courts to the adult criminal justice system or vice versa (Roberts, 2004). Regardless if young delinquents are tried in an integrated criminal court or in an independent court, we should reevaluate fundamental principles and deal with procedural and substantive matters. Substantive justice issues comprise forming and exec uting a doctrinal basis, such as shortened temper, psychological immaturity, weak disposition, or reduced conscience, to sentence juvenile delinquents dissimilarly, and more mildly, than adult criminals or suspects (Myers, 2005). Procedural justice